3.1 Cross section
1. Map of the cross- section
The Danish cross-section consist of an East-West cross
section from the southern part of Fanø into Ribe. This example shows a part
of Sønderho at Fanø.
The East-West cross-section was chosen for the following reasons:
island Fanø has a special history. Until 1741 it was royal hunting ground,
but when the Danish crown in 1741 wished to sell the island, the
inhabitants bought the island themselves. The inhabitants and the island
benefited and became wealthy in the 17th and 18th
century. The island flourished on trade and shipping, and they had the
second largest trading fleet next to Copenhagen’s fleet.
culture and nature of Fanø is special in a Danish context. The buildings
of the two large towns, Nordby and Sønderho, have a special style, and the
municipality tries to legislate on the building and development of Fanø,
so this special style is kept and maintained.
mainland Ribe stream leads in to Ribe, which is the oldest town in
Denmark. Accordingly, Ribe is archaeologically important, and the present
town is still a witness of the Danish Viking Age and Medieval Age. The
town structure is old, and the core of the town has mainly been preserved,
as it was.
stream runs from the Wadden Sea into Ribe. The stream is regulated in
order to let both the farmers and town benefit from it. The farmers need a
lower water level in order to grow their crops, but the town needs a
higher water level in order to exist, since the town is built on a
inhabitants of Fanø wish to remain one municipality after 2007, when the
Danish structural reform has been applied. Since the municipalities are
going to administer the cultural environment after 2007, it is important
to make the municipalities aware of their tasks.
southern part of Fanø seen from above. Here the town of Sønderho is
protected by the dikes and the sand dunes.
The town of Sønderho is characterised by a labyrinthine structure, as well
as many well-preserved and listed houses.
Behind Sønderho with the houses built in the Sønderho style, you see the
summer cottage area. That area is characterised by heath, dunes, marsh and
an excellent beach.
Some of the special characteristics of Fanø and consequently Sønderho are
well known and well promoted: The Fanø costume, thatched houses with dogs in
the windows, weather cocks are here weather ships, and finally the fleet,
the skippers and the trade.
Examples of the old Sønderho style:
These houses are typical of the Sønderho style, and the pictures also
illustrate the narrow and labyrinthine street structure of the town.
The Sønderho style is not just Danish. The famous Sønderho inn is built in
Frisian style in the end of the 17th century and decorated with Dutch
imported tiles inside. This shows the close connection and the trade inside
the Wadden Sea region.
Examples from the nature of Fanø and Sønderho:
Bjerge Havside Bjerge
special nature attracts tourists and inhabitants to Fanø. The municipality
tries to solve the planning issues when building new summer cottages by
legislating on the building style. The following pictures show a summer
cottage under construction as well as summer cottages and a former seaside
hotel in the landscape.
island of Sønderho a SWOT-analysis will have to consider the following
Sønderho and Fanø have a
well-preserved culture and environment, i.e. the Sønderho-style.
The inhabitants are mainly
wealthy people with a mental and social surplus.
The municipality of
Sønderho is aware of its cultural heritage. They have made special
guidelines for building and restoration; the new buildings are erected
with respect to the culture and history.
Fanø is a tourist magnet,
which brings money to the island.
There are many old
buildings; they will need restoration and maintenance.
Too many tourists in the
summer can keep people away from settling down on a permanent basis. The
result could be declining economy in tax incomes etc.
The new summer cottages
built in “old style” make it difficult to distinguish between different
The nature could be
crowded with buildings
It should be possible to
keep Fanø and Sønderho attractive for permanent settlers.
It should be possible to
keep a sensible balance between tourists and permanent settlers.
Politicians and planners
have to make sure that Fanø is technologically equal to the main land,
i.e. has quick Internet connections etc. which make working and settling
Keep Sønderho as a
Natural catastrophes like
flooding, hurricanes and rising sea level.
Tourist facilities, which
do not include consideration to the cultural environment.
If someone builds too
tall, large and modern houses.
Sønderho has a
unique history and is part of another unified whole; i.e. Fanø. The
awareness of this history and culture is very high among the inhabitants of
Fanø. They are also aware of their connection to the Wadden Sea, where Fanø
is a result of this Sea, and adapted to its tidings, flooding, and
continuous change of landscape.
The landscape at Fanø is not
similar to the landscape on the mainland. The wide and long sandy beach is
among the finest in Denmark, and the curvy dunes are unlike anything else
seen in the Danish Wadden Sea area.
Besides the landscape Fanø is characterised by a special style of building
and living. The houses of Fanø are inspired by other Wadden Sea areas, which
is due to the seafaring of the Fanø inhabitants until the beginning of the
20th century. The local authorities are also aware of this significant
culture. Generally local authorities have made special legislations
regarding buildings etc. In this area the nature is both a threat and
strength since nature works with and against the development. The different
authorities will have to meet the challenges of maintaining a development in
the areas alongside preserving the cultural environments.